Explore Chad

Chad, whose official name is the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Capital: N’Djamena

Continent: Africa

Area: 1,284 million km²

Official languages: French, Arabic

Currency: Central African CFA Franc

Population: 17.18 million (2021) World Bank

Mandatory to request the visa: Yellow Fever.

Recommended but mandatory to apply for a visa: Tetanus, hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, diphtheria and meningitis. In addition, Chad registers cases of malaria (or malaria) throughout the year, especially in the south of the country. Infections increase drastically during the rainy season (June-November).

What to know before you travel..

Health and Security

The health and sanitary conditions are very precarious. It is highly recommended to have medical and travel insurance, especially that provides for repatriation in the event of a health emergency.

It is recalled that the trip is always carried out at the traveler’s expense and risk, and that all expenses derived from hospitalization, the transfer of injured or the repatriation of corpses are borne by the individual. Social Security benefits do not operate abroad, except in certain countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (see how to acquire the European Health Insurance Card here. See also the conditions of use of the European Health Insurance Card).

Within the framework of the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic, all travelers must take into account that currently any trip, regardless of the destination or its circumstances, carries a health risk.

For this reason, the recommendation is reiterated to all travelers to keep informed at all times, to have the possibility of being forced to stay abroad longer than expected and to have insurance that covers all eventualities during the trip, including risks associated with COVID-19.

Likewise, it is recalled that at this time no region of the world and no country are safe from possible terrorist attacks.

High risk area.

The entire eastern part of the country along the border with Sudan.

Lake Chad.

The border area with the Central African Republic.

The northern, Tibesti, Borkou and Ennedi, and southwestern, Mayo-Kebbi and Logone regions.

Rest of border area sdue to risk of robbers and armed gangs along the way.

Medium risk area.

N`Djamena and surroundings.

Rest of the country.

The health and sanitary conditions are very precarious. It is highly recommended to have medical and travel insurance, especially that provides for repatriation in the event of a health emergency.


Language and Religion

More than 120 languages are spoken in Chad, but French and Arabic stand out, which are the official languages of the country, and Sara.

Approximately 53% of the population is Muslim, being predominant in the north; 35% are Christian, and more than 7% animist.



Central African CFA Franc

currency of six independent states of Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon

The CFA franc is pegged to the value of the euro (€1 = fr.CFA 655.957), the euro itself isn’t accepted in Chad. However, bureaux de change can commonly be found in larger cities like N’Djamena.

Although in theory all kinds of international currencies are accepted, the reality is that only the most common are accepted, especially the dollar and the euro.

International bank checks and credit cards are not widely used.

You can pay by card in very few establishments in the country, most of which are concentrated in the capital, such as some airlines, hotels, restaurants or supermarkets.



When you travel to Africa you should leave a 10 percent tip at most restaurants and baggage handlers tip the equivalent of $1 per bag. Housekeeping staff at most hotels are required to tip $1 to $2 per day.


Movile and Internet

Compared to the world average, Chad lags behind massively in telecommunication development. Under the country code +235 there were a total of 10.35 million connections in 2021. Among them were 10.35 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.60 per person. Worldwide, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With approximately six web hosts, Chad is below the world average by population.



Voltage: 220V

Frequency: 50Hz

Pegs: Type D / E / F

In Chad the common voltage is 220 V. The frequency is 50 Hz. The plugs and sockets are type D / E / F. I

The need for an adapter or converter depends on the voltage, frequency and plugs in the country in which you live.



Chad, due to its extension from north to south, has different types of climate, climates vary mainly depending on the amount of rainfall, the north and part of the center of the country are subject to desert climate, the central area, called the Sahel, has a semi-desert climate, while the extreme south has a semi-tropical climate.

In the south of the country, the rainy season is from May to October. While in the central area, the so-called Sahel, it is reduced to the months between June and September. Finally, in the southern belt, on average, between 750 and 1,250 mm of rain fall in a year.



The staple foods of the Chadian population include sorghum, millet, potatoes, beans, rice, maize, cassava and sesame. Millet is eaten as a whole grain, as balls or paste, or as pancakes. Like the balls, the millet is dipped in different types of sauce known as biya in the south, and Alysh in the north.